How To Perform A Real Estate Title Search


To perform a real estate title search:

1. Gather information on the subject property: Obtain the property’s address and legal description. Collect relevant documents like previous deeds, surveys, and property tax records.

2. Visit the county recorder’s office: Go to the county clerk or recorder’s office where the property is located. They maintain public records related to real estate transactions.

3. Search online databases: Many counties now offer online databases to search for property records. Check their website for access.

4. Search for deeds and liens: Look for the property’s chain of title, which lists all previous owners. Check for any liens, mortgages, or encumbrances on the property.

5. Verify ownership: Confirm the current owner’s name and check for discrepancies or irregularities.

6. Check for easements and restrictions: Look for any easements or conditions that may affect the property’s use.

7. Ensure no liens, encumbrances, or delinquent taxes are recorded.

8. Review documents: Thoroughly examine all relevant documents for accuracy and completeness.

9. Consult with a title professional: If you encounter complex issues or uncertainties during the search, consider seeking advice from a title company or attorney.

Reasons why you would need to conduct a Property Title Search:

  1. Verification of Ownership: A title search confirms the property’s current owner and ensures that they have the legal right to sell it. This step prevents fraudulent transactions and ensures that the seller can transfer the property to the buyer.
  2. Identifying Liens and Encumbrances: The title search reveals any outstanding liens or encumbrances on the property. Liens can be placed on a property as collateral for a debt, such as unpaid taxes, mortgages, or other outstanding debts. These liens must be cleared before selling the property to ensure a clean title transfer.
  3. Assessing Legal Issues: The search helps identify any legal issues or disputes associated with the property, such as boundary or unresolved lawsuits. This information is crucial for potential buyers or investors to make informed decisions.
  4. Uncovering Easements and Restrictions: Easements are rights granted to other parties to use or access the property, which can impact its usage. Restrictive covenants or homeowners’ association rules may also apply. The title search ensures that buyers know these restrictions before purchasing the property.
  5. Checking for Fraudulent Activities: A title search helps uncover any fraudulent activities related to the property, such as forged signatures or incorrect property descriptions.
  6. Confirming Legal Description: The title search confirms the legal description of the property, including its boundaries and dimensions. This information is essential to ensure that the property matches what is advertised or stated in the sales contract.
  7. Mortgage and Loan Verification: Lenders typically require a title search to verify ownership and assess the property’s value before approving a mortgage or loan application.
  8. Risk Mitigation: Conducting a title search helps mitigate potential risks associated with purchasing the property, allowing buyers and lenders to be aware of any existing issues before closing the deal.
  9. Safeguarding Investment: A title search is crucial for property investors to protect their investments. It ensures that the property they are buying has a clear and marketable title, making it easier to sell or transfer ownership in the future.


In summary, a property title search is a critical process to protect the interest of the buyer. A property title search is crucial in buying or selling real estate. Running a property title search is essential to ensure the property’s ownership and legal status are clear and free from potential issues and the interests of both buyers and lenders, ensuring that the property’s ownership is legitimate and free from any legal or financial encumbrances. Remember that real estate title searches can be intricate, so it’s essential to be diligent and meticulous. Consulting a professional might be beneficial in some cases.

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